INDEPENDENCE DAY SPECIALS VI: INDIRECT RULE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA.

The system of indirect rule developed by Lugard and his successors in the Fulani Emirates was equally applied throughout the rest of the Nigeria area of Nigeria. While it was largely successful in the Caliphate, it fell short in the non-muslim states. The caliphate had a smooth tradition of centralization of authority and a regular tax collection strategy as against the other neighbouring states whose kings had limited powers and taxation controls. Tivland, for example, had no paramount chief in control; it made use of councils of elders for administration until 1937.

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