Administrative Head and control:
According to Afolayan (1998:77), it is not definitely known when the modern reign began. Local traditions emphasize the existence of the fairly well defined states in the area before the 19th century. Indeed, by the early 18th century many independent state structures could be identified. These included Omu-Aran, Omu-ipo, Ajase, Isanlu-Isin, Iwo, Edidi, Oro, Ora, Aun, Ikosin and Igbaja. Each of these possessed separate traditions of foundation and growth distinct from the Ila kingdom. It is out of these conglomerations that the modern Igbomina came into being. Most notable of these was the kingdom of Ila which is regarded to be the traditional head of the Igbomina race.
Akintoye (1971) informs thus:
“Among the Igbomina, the Orangun of Ila is regarded as something of a ‘father’ and the original inheritor from Ife of the land on which all the Igbomina later settled. Before coming to Ila, the seat of government of the Orangun had been established for brief periods in a number of localities, the best remembered of which are Oke-Ila and Ila-Yara. Probably in the sixteenth century and because of a dispute or famine, the centre of the kingdom was once again moved from the latter place to Ila under the leadership of Igbonnibi, a scion of the dynasty. The traditions say that because crops grown around Ila did much better than those grown around the older settlements, more and more people came to settle at Ila. In the end, therefore, Ila became a very large town.”
Apart from Ila headed by the Orangun (Oba Wahab Kayode Adedeji Oyedotun), some other kingdoms in the ethnic include:
Olomu of Omu-ipo Oba Yakub Adebayo Buhari. Orangun of oke-ila Oba Adedokun Omoniyi Abolarin
Olusin of isanlu isin
Olomu of Omu-aran Oba Charles Oladele Ibitoye
Alapa of Eku-Apa
Oloro of Oro
More updates shall come your way about these kingdoms and their existence.
Socio cultural Profile:
Inspite of the partition of their land with some towns conceded to Osun State, while the others are in Kwara State, the Igbomina remains a homogeneous ethnic group in their culture. They are bounded together by the cultural festival of Egungun Elewe which is the most singular cultural symbol by which a genuine Igbomina town or village could be identified (Babalola, 1998). The Igbomina is also fond of eating pounded yam with melon (Egusi) soup as a special delicacy. The Igbomina people are also fond of preserve their late night leftovers for breakfast the next day (Babalola Ibid).
The Igbomina are renowned for their agricultural and hunting prowess as well as their woodcarving, leather art and they possessed a marvelous amount of physical strength, simplicity of manners and love of home. They are remarkably shrewd, intelligent, diplomatic and have a keen commercial spirit which has earned them a nickname “Owo ni eeje” meaning ‘it will cost you money’ (Afolabi 2006).
They are imbued with a deep religious spirit, reverential in manners, showing difference to superiors and respect to age and ingrained politeness is part and parcel of their nature.
Inter tribal relation:
Archaeological and linguistic evidence suggest that Igbomina people probably predated the surrounding peoples except perhaps the Nupe and the Yagba. Igbominaland definitely predated the Oduduwa era as evidenced by oral traditions of royal and non-royal migrations from Oduduwa’s Ile-Ife which met existing dynasties in place but displaced, subsumed or subjugated them. It appears that aside from more recent conflicts in the last two centuries, the Oyo Ijesha and the Ekiti may have in more ancient times, pressured the Igbomina, captured territory in the plains and restricted them into the more rugged and lower-quality land of the Yoruba hills.
The Igbomina, on the other hand, appear to have pressured the Nupe and the Yagba taken territory away from them in places, but also losing territory to them in other places.
The Igbomina may have lost some territory to their Ekiti neighbours during various conflicts and wars of the nineteenth and preceding centuries. Evidence of such lost territory is in the strong Igbomina content in the dialect of the Otun kingdom which was actually claimed during the British colonial era as part of Igbomina and by the Orangun of Ila.
The Omo Ibile Igbomina National Secretariat (IGBOMINA HOUSE) is situated at Ganmo in Kwara state.